Boulanger, Georges


Boulanger, Georges
(1837-1891)
   general, politician
   Born in Rennes and educated at saint-Cyr, Georges Boulanger began his military career serving in Kabylie, in Italy, and in Cochin-China, and fought in the franco-prussian war (1870-71). He was made director of infantry for the Ministry of War, then division commander of troops in Tunisia (1884). Supported by georges Clemenceau and also by the duke d'AUMALE, in 1886 he was named minister of war. The army reforms that he undertook (the law of exile for princes, which affected, among others, the duke d'Aumale, his patron; suppression of draft lottery) and his hostile attitude toward Germany in the Schnaebelé affair (April 1887), however, caused him to be removed from the ministry. Already, there had crystallized around Boulanger a large number of the opposition, with nationalists bent on revenge (Boulanger was given the name "General La Revanche" or General Revenge), Bonapartists, and even monarchists. His departure for Clermond-Ferrand, where he had been named commander of the 13th army corps, was the scene of an important popular demonstration (gare de Lyon). Forced to back down by the government, Boulanger, nonetheless, stood for election. Encouraged by his supporters (déroulède and others) who were members of the Ligue des patriots, he was elected in four departments and then in Paris (January 1889), and was encouraged to attempt a coup d'état. But, in part owing to the influence of his mistress, Mme de Bonnemain, he hesitated, leaving the government time to take measures against him. Accusing him of conspiracy, the minister of the interior threatened him with arrest and ordered the dissolution of the Ligue. Boulanger, who had fled abroad, was condemned in absentia to life in prison. He reached Belgium (April 1889) and spent some time in England before returning to Belgium and committing suicide at the tomb of his mistress, who had died shortly before.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boulanger, Georges — ▪ French general born April 29, 1837, Rennes, Fr. died Sept. 30, 1891, Brussels  French general, minister of war, and political figure who led a brief but influential authoritarian movement that threatened to topple the Third Republic in the… …   Universalium

  • Boulanger, Georges (-Ernest-Jean-Marie) — born April 29, 1837, Rennes, France died Sept. 30, 1891, Brussels, Belg. French general and politician. He entered the army in 1856, helped suppress the Paris Commune (1871), and rose in rank to brigadier general (1880) and director of infantry… …   Universalium

  • Boulanger, Georges (-Ernest-Jean-Marie) — (29 abr. 1837, Rennes, Francia–30 sep. 1891, Bruselas, Bélgica). General y político francés. Ingresó al ejército en 1856, ayudó a sofocar la comuna de París (1871) y ascendió a brigadier general (1880) y a director de infantería (1882). Nombrado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boulanger, Georges Ernest — ► (1837 91) General francés, ministro de la Guerra en 1886. Fue diputado y jefe del Partido Nacionalista. Sus campañas agitaron profundamente el país (1889) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Ernest Boulanger — Georges Boulanger, Aufnahme Nadar Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger (* 29. April 1837 in Rennes; † 30. September 1891 in Ixelles bei Brüssel) war ein französischer General …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger — Georges Boulanger, Aufnahme Nadar Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger (* 29. April 1837 in Rennes; † 30. September 1891 in Ixelles bei Brüssel) war ein französischer General …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boulanger-Krise — Georges Boulanger, Aufnahme Nadar Georges Ernest Jean Marie Boulanger (* 29. April 1837 in Rennes; † 30. September 1891 in Ixelles bei Brüssel) war ein französischer General …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boulanger — Boulanger, Georges Ernest …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • boulanger — 1. boulanger, ère [ bulɑ̃ʒe, ɛr ] n. • bolengier fin XIIe; du picard boulenc « celui qui fabrique le pain en boule » 1 ♦ N. m. Personne dont le métier est de faire du pain. Four de boulanger. Patron boulanger. Garçon boulanger. ⇒ mitron. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Georges — (as used in expressions) Bataille Georges Bernanos Georges Bidault Georges Augustin Bizet Georges Bonnet Georges Étienne Boulanger Georges Ernest Jean Marie Braque Georges Buffon Georges Louis Leclerc comte de Clemenceau Georges Cuvier Georges… …   Universalium


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